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India’s largest coastal defence exercise begins today  

Sea Vigil exercise was conceptualised in 2018 to validate various measures that have been instituted towards enhancing maritime security since 26/11 Mumbai terror attacks (All images courtesy: Indian Navy)

The third edition of the largest nationwide coastal defence exercise ‘Sea Vigil-22’, which will be undertaken along the entire 7516 km coastline and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of India, kicks off on Tuesday to assess the country’s preparedness in the domain of maritime security and coastal defence.  

The two-day ‘pan-India’ exercise, being conducted by the Indian Navy in coordination with the Coast Guard and other ministries entrusted with the task of maritime activities, was conceptualised in 2018 to validate various measures that have been instituted towards enhancing maritime security since 26/11 Mumbai terror attacks.

Coastal security being a major sub-set of coastal defence construct, the concept of ‘Sea Vigil’ is to activate the coastal security apparatus across India and assess the overarching coastal defence mechanism. The exercise will involve all the coastal states and union territories along with other maritime stakeholders, including the fishing and coastal communities.

The scale and conceptual expanse of the exercise is unprecedented in terms of the geographical extent, the number of stakeholders involved, the number of units participating and in terms of the objectives to be met. The exercise is a build-up towards the major Theatre Level Readiness Operational Exercise (TROPEX), which the Indian Navy conducts every two years.

Sea Vigil and TROPEX together will cover the entire spectrum of maritime security challenges. Assets of the Indian Navy, Coast Guard, Customs and other maritime agencies will participate in Exercise Sea Vigil. In addition to the Ministry of Defence, the conduct of this exercise is also being facilitated by the Ministries of Home Affairs, Ports Shipping and Waterways, Petroleum and Natural Gas, Fisheries Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Customs, and other agencies of Centre/State.

While smaller-scale exercises are conducted in the coastal states regularly, including combined exercises amongst adjoining states, the conduct of exercise Sea Vigil at the national level is aimed to serve a larger purpose. It provides an opportunity, at the apex level, to assess our preparedness in the domain of maritime security and coastal defence.

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