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PM Modi, G20 leaders focus on mangrove forests in Bali to fight climate change

Mangrove forests act as large carbon sinks (Photo: IANS)

The G20 summit taking place on Tuesday and Wednesday will have a special visit by the leaders to the Taman Hutan Raya mangrove forest in Bali on Tuesday.

India will take over the reins of the G20 summit, which is currently headed by Indonesia. The G20 grouping is putting a special focus on food and energy security as well as coming out of the Covid-19 health damage.

During his two-day visit, Prime Minister Narendra Modi will also visit the mangrove forest in Bali.

In a special briefing on the G20 summit, Foreign Secretary Vinay Kwatra said: “As you know, mangroves are an important refuge of coastal biodiversity and act as bio shields against extreme climatic events and as important carbon sinks. India’s own mangrove cover is significant, with one of the highest biodiversity in the world. We also recently agreed to join the Global Mangrove Alliance, which was launched jointly by Indonesia and UAE”.

Indonesia is putting a lot of emphasis and importance on the visit to the mangrove site. It has made plans for the G20 leaders to plant mangrove trees at Ngurah Rai Mangrove Forest Park in Denpasar.

Talking about the programme, Secretary of the State Secretariat of Indonesia, Setya Utama, said: “The second day will start with a side event in the form of mangrove tree planting at the mangrove forest park in the morning…”

Mangroves are coastal forests which grow in tidal and muddy areas. These forests have multiple varieties of trees and vegetation which are natural barriers against sea level rise as well as in mitigating the effects of cyclones and storms. Mangroves are said to absorb more carbon emissions than regular forests.

The G20 summit hopes to battle climate change by making a push for protecting and growing more mangroves. Mangrove plantation and protection is also expected to give a boost to coastal communities which will begin to preserve mangroves instead of reclaiming land from these.

Also read: India to focus on biofuels and hydrogen to achieve Net Zero goal